Sunday, 22 November 2009

ABBREVIATIONS

α    alpha
AAL    Anterior axillary line
abd    Abdominal
ABC    Airway, Breathing, Circulation
ACA    Anterior cerebral artery
ACC    American College of Cardiology
ACCP    American College of Chest Physicians
ACE    Angiotensin converting enzyme
ACEI    ACE Inhibitor
ACLS    Advanced cardiac life support
ACS    Acute coronary syndrome
ACT    Activated clotting time
ACTH    Adrenocorticotrophic hormone
ACV    Assist control ventilation
AD    Aortic dissection
ADH    Antidiuretic hormone
AID    Automatic internal defibrillator
AFib    Atrial fibrillation
AFlut    Atrial flutter
Alb    Albumin
AHA    American Heart Association
AHF    Acute Heart Failure
ALI    Acute Lung Injury
AMI    Acute myocardial infarction
APACHE    Acute physiologic and chronic health evaluation
AP    Arterial pressure
APC    Activated protein C
APRV    Airway pressure release ventilation
aPTT    Activated partial thromboplastin time
ARB    Angiotensin Receptor Blocker
ARDS    Acute Resp. Distress Syndrome 
ARF     Acute Renal Failure
AS    Aortic stenosis
ASAP    As soon as possible
ASHP    American Society of Hospital Pharmacists
ASVD    Arteriosclerotic vessel disease
ATLS    Advanced trauma life support
ATN    Acute tubular necrosis
AV    Atrio-ventricular
AVB    Atrio-ventricular block
AVF    Augmented voltage of the feet
AVL    Augmented voltage of the left
AVR    Augmented voltage of the right
AVSP    Atrial-ventricular sequential pacing
β    beta
BB    Beta blocker  
BBB    Bundle branch block
BD    Base deficit
BG    Blood glucose
BiPAP    Bi-level positive airway pressure
BNP    Brain natriuretic peptide
BP    Blood pressure
bpm    Beats per minute
brady    Bradycardia
BUN    Blood urea nitrogen
C    Centigrade
Ca    Calcium
CA    Coronary artery
CABG    Coronary artery bypass graft
CAD    Coronary artery disease
CAM    Confusion assessment method
CaO2    Oxygen content of arterial blood
CCB    Calcium channel blocker
CCL    Cardiac Catheterization Lab
CHF    Congestive heart failure
CHO    Carbohydrate
CI    Cardiac index
Cl    Chloride
CK    Creatine phosphokinase
CMV    Control mode ventilation
CN    Cranial nerve
CNS    Central nervous system
CO    Cardiac output
Conc    Concentration
COP    Colloid osmotic pressure
COPD    Chronic obstructive     pulmonary disease
Cor PP    Coronary perfusion     pressure
CPAP    Continuous positive airway pressure
CPB    Cardiopulmonary bypass
CPK    Creatine phosphokinase
CPK-MB   CPK myocardial biomarker
CPP    Cerebral perfusion pressure
Cr    Creatinine
Cr Cl    Creatinine clearance
CRRT    Continuous renal replacement therapy    
Cryo    Cryoprecipitate
CS    Cardiogenic shock
CSF    Cerebrospinal Fluid
CT    Computed tomography
CV    Cardiovascular
CVAH    Continuous arterial to venous hemofiltration
CvO2    Oxygen content of venous blood
CVP    Central venous pressure
CVVH    Continuous venous to venous hemofiltration
CVVHD     CVVH with dialysate
CVVHDF     CVVD with filtration
d    day
DBP    Diastolic blood pressure
DC    Discontinue
DCC    Direct current cardioversion
DDAVP    Desmopressin acetate
Defib    Defibrillator
DI    Diabetes insipidus
Dias    Diastolic
Dig    Digoxin
DKA    Diabetic ketoacidosis
dL    deciliter
DOO    Dual chamber fixed rate 
    pacing
DO2    Oxygen Delivery
DP    Dorsalis pedis
2,3 DPG      2,3 Diphosphoglycerate
DTI    Direct thrombin inhibitor
DVI    Dual chamber pacing with
    ventricular inhibition
DVT    Deep vein thrombosis
EBL    Estimated blood loss
ECG    Electrocardiogram
Echo    Echocardiogram
ECMO    Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation
EF    Ejection fraction
EMG    Electromyelogram
EPS    Electrophysiology study
ET    Endotracheal
ETOH    Ethanol
F    Fahrenheit
FDA    Food & DrugAdministration
FeNa    Fractional excretion of sodium
FF    Filtration fraction
FFP    Fresh frozen plasma
FiO2    Fraction (%) of inspired O2
FM    Face mask
Fr.    French
FRC    Functional residual capacity
FUN    Filtrate urea nitrogen
fx    Fracture
g    gram 
G    Ground
GCS    Glasgow coma scale
GCSE    Generalized convulsive status epilepticus
GFR    Glomerular filtration rate
GI    Gastrointestinal
GP    Glycoprotein
GPRA    Glycoprotein receptor antagonist
GSW    Gunshot wound
h    hour
hr    hour
HA    Headache
Hct     Hematocrit
HF    Heart failure
HFJV    High frequency jet ventilation
Hg    Mercury
Hgb    Hemoglobin 
H/H    Hemoglobin/Hematocrit
HIT    Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia
HITT    HIT with thrombosis
HNAD    Hyperosmolar Nonacidic Diabetes
HR    Heart rate
HOB    Head of bed
HS    Hypertonic saline
Hx    History
IABP    Intra-aortic balloon pumping
ICD    Implanted Cardiodefibrillator
ICH    Intracerebral hemorrhage
ICP    Intracranial pressure
ICS    Intercostal space
I:E    Inspiration:Expiration
IJ    Internal jugular
IL-1    Interleuken 1
IMA    Internal mammary artery
IMV    Intermittent mandatory ventilation
INR    International normalization ratio
IO    Intraosseous
IRV    Inverse ratio ventilation
ITA    Internal thoracic artery
IV    Intravenous
IVC    Inferior vena cava    
IVP    Intravenous push
j    Joule
JCAHO    Joint Commission on the Accreditation of Health Organizations
JVD    Jugular venous distention
K    Potassium
kg    kilogram
lb    pound
L    Liter
LA     Left arm
LAP    Left atrial pressure
LAD    Left anterior descending
LBBB    Left bundle branch block
LDH    Lactate dehydrogenase
LDUH    Low dose unfractionated heparin
Lido    Lidocaine
LL    Left leg
LLL    Left lower lobe
LMWH    Low molecular weight heparin
LOC    Level of consciousness
LOS    Length of stay
LPM    Liters per minute
LR    Lactated Ringers
Lt    Left
LUQ    Left upper quadrant
LUL    Left upper lobe
LV    Left ventricle
LVEDP    Left ventricular end-diastolic pressure
LVEF    Left ventricular ejection fraction
LVHF    Left ventricular heart failure
LVSWI    Left ventricular stroke work index
mA    Milliamp
MAOI    Monoamine oxidase inhibitor
MAP    Mean arterial pressure
MAT    Multifocal atrial tachycardia
max    maximum
MCA    Middle cerebral artery
MCL    Midclavicular line
MCL1    Modified chest lead I
MDO2    Myocardial oxygen delivery
m2    square meter
mEq    milliequivalents
mg    milligrams
Mg    Magnesium
min    minute
mL    milliliter
mm    millimeter
mm2    cubic millimeter
MODS    Multiple organ dysfunction syndrome
MOF    Multiple organ failure
mOsm    milliosmoles
MPT    Minimum pacing threshold    
MR    Mitral regurgitation
MS    Morphine sulfate
mV    millivolt
MV    Minute ventilation
MVO2    Myocardial oxygen demand
Na    Sodium
NA    Not applicable
NC    Nasal cannula
NCR    Nasal cannula reservoir
NCSE    Nonconvulsive status epilepticus
ng    nanogram
NG    Nasogastric
NIBP    Noninvasive blood pressure
NIH    National Institutes of Health
NMB    Neuromuscular blockade
NMBA    Neuromuscular blocking agent
NS    Normal Saline
NSAID    Nonsteroidal antiinflammant
NSR    Normal sinus rhythm
NSTEMI    Non ST-elevation myocardial infarction
NTG    Nitroglycerin
N/V    Nausea/Vomiting
NYHA    New York Heart Association
OD    Overdose
OER    Oxygen extraction ratio
OPCAB    Off-Pump coronary artery bypass
OPC    Organ procurement coordinator
OPO    Organ procurement organization
PA    Pulmonary artery
PAC    Premature atrial contraction
PAD    Pulmonary artery diastolic
PAI    Plasminogen activator inhibitor
PAM    Pulmonary artery mean 
PaO2    Partial pressure of O2 in arterial blood
PAO2    Partial pressure O2 alveolar air
PAP    Pulmonary artery pressure
PAS    Pulmonary artery systolic
    pressure
PAT    Paroxysmal atrial tachycardia
Pb    Barometric pressure
PbtO2    Oxygen dissolved in brain tissue
PCI    Percutaneous coronary intervention
PCT    Pleural chest tube
PCWP    Pulmonary capillary wedge pressure
PDEI    Phosphodiesterase inhibitor
PE    Pulmonary embolism
PEA    Pulseless electrical activity
Peep    Positive end-expiratorypressure
PetCO2    Partial pressure of end-tidal carbon dioxide
P/F    ratio of PaO2 to FiO2
Phos    Phosphorus
PMI    Point of maximal impulse
PRBC’s    Packed red blood cells
PSA    Phlebostatic axis
PSV    Pressure support ventilation
PSVT    Paroxysmal Supraventricular Tachycardia
PT    Prothrombin time
PTCA    Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty
PTT    Posterior tibial
PVC    Premature ventricular contraction
PVD    Peripheral vascular disease
PvO2    Partial pressure of O2 in venous blood
PVR        Pulmonary vascular resistance
Q    Blood flow, perfusion, or cardiac output
QS/QT    Shunted flow/total flow
RA    Right arm
RAP    Rapid atrial pacing
RBC    Red blood cell
RL    Ringer’s Lactate
RLL    Right lower lobe
RML    Right middle lobe
RSBI    Rapid shallow breathing index
RSI    Rapid Sequence Intubation
Rt    Right
r-tPA    recombinant tissue plasminogen activator 
RUL    Right upper lobe
RUQ    Right upper quadrant
RV    Right ventricle
RVEDF    RV end-diastolic volume
RVEF    RV ejection fraction
RVHF    Right ventricular heart failure
RVMI    RV myocardial infarction
Rx    Treatment
SA    Sino-atrial
SAH    Subarachnoid hemorrhage
SaO2    Arterial oxygen saturation
SBP    Systolic blood pressure
SBT    Spontaneous breathing trial
SC    Subcutaneously
SCCM    Society Critical Care Medicine
SCD        Sequential compression device
SCI    Spinal cord injury
SCIWORA   SCI without radiologic abnormality
SCUF    Slow continuous ultrafiltration
ScvO2    Central venous O2 saturation
SE    Status epilepticus
sec    Second
SGOT    Serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase
SHI    Severe head injury
SIMV    Synchronized intermittent mandatory ventilation
SIRS    Systemic inflammatory response syndrome
SjvO2    Oxygen saturation of jugular venous blood
SK    Streptokinase 
SL    Sublingual
SpO2    Pulse oximetry of arterial oxygen saturation 
S & S    Signs and symptoms
SSS    Sick sinus syndrome
STBI    Severe traumatic brain injury
STEMI    ST-elevation myocardial infarction
SV    Stroke volume
SVG    Saphenous vein graft
SvO2     Mixed venous O2  saturation
SVR    Systemic vascular resistance    
SVT    Supraventricular tachycardia
Sx    Suction    
Sys    Systolic
TAFI    Thrombin activatable fibrinolysis inhibitor
TAT    Thrombin-Antithrombin
TBI    Traumatic brain injury
TBV    Total blood volume
TCP    Transcutaneous pacing
TdeP    Torsades de pointes
TEE    Transesophageal echocardiogram
TIMI    Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction
TNF    Tumor necrosis factor
TnI    Troponin I
TnT    Troponin T
t-PA    Tissue Plasminogen Activator
TRH    Thyrotropin releasing hormone
TSH    Thyroid stimulating hormone
TV    Tidal volume
TVP    Temporary ventricular pacing
UA    Unstable Angina
U    Unit
µg    microgram
UF    Ultrafiltrate
UFH    Unfractionated Heparin
UK    Urokinase
UO    Urinary output
UrCl    Urea clearance
VAP    Ventilator associated 
    pneumonia
VC    Vital capacity
Vent    Ventricular
VF    Ventricular fibrillation
VFib    Ventricular fibrillation
VKA    Vitamin K Antagonist
V/Q    Ventilation/perfusion
VSD    Ventricular septal defect
VT    Ventricular tachycardia
VTach     Ventricular tachycardia
VTE    Venous Thromboembolism
VOO    Ventricular fixed rate pacing 
VO2    Oxygen consumption
VP    Ventriculo-peritoneal
VVI    Ventricular demand pacing 
WBC    White blood cell
WPW    Wolf-Parkinson-White
Xa    Activated clotting factor X
yo    Years old